Setting a “Standard” – Between Natural and Artificial Illumination

An international study we conducted indicated a correlation between artificial illumination required by the client, and the position of his residence, the place of his birth and the culture with which he is affiliated.

The research finding indicates a clear need to define the “Location” as a significant variable in setting the standards.

“Location” = general name which incorporates all the physical, cultural and perceptual data in a chosen region.

Content of the Study

The first question a person should ask himself is when did he understand that his personal perspective is not collective and when did he first come in contact with an illuminated world that behaves differently.

Key Phrases

At the basis of the matter are man and his structured and absolute relationship to the light of the sun:

Without the sun or with too much sun, there is no life.

–      Man has no control over the sun!  Not over the power, the complexity or the transfer of colour, nor its trajectory or angles!  But he can take advantage of sunlight and has the ability to distinguish and learn in order to channel some of the sunlight to meet his needs.  He can transfer sunlight using a controlled filtering system.  Direct sun leads to the creation of a sharp and glaring contrast, between the illuminated and the non-illuminated niederlande viagra.

–      The relationship to the illumination and its aspects is subjective. The eye is a relative organ and light and its characteristics and attributes are a result of a process of study and comparison.  When it’s very illuminated outside, inside it will be relatively dark.  And it will take time to become adjusted to it, wile users age is an important time factor….

Phenomena and Examples:


In Scandinavia – In a relatively dark place, where months of the winter and a flat angle of illumination require planning for sunlight to enter, it is customary to eat by candle light in social circumstances and a 25W incandescent bulb is considered sufficient light for an entire room.

In Argentina – Due to the length of the country and the changes that have transpired there, it is customary to take the position and characteristics of the sun into account when planning public and residential buildings (less thought is put into commercial spaces… with no justification).

In Mexico – In Luis Barragan’s work, one can see how he reduces the openings to a minimum and uses strong colour to deal with a powerful, blinding, glaring and flattening sunlight.

In Finland – Where there is a contrast between complete darkness and recycled blinding and flattening light from the white snow, the locals wear colourful clothing and stand out more.

In Vietnam – Local construction creates sloped roofs that are much larger than the building and the window space is also limited.  This is intentional in order to prevent the direct sun at an angle of 90 degrees from entering the building.

In Israel – The historical architecture (Islamic and prior to that ) reduced the openings, added shutters, internal courtyards and thick walls to create a cold relaxing dimness inside and a gradual transition from outside to inside by using covered passages.  If we look around, we see how clothing and shade are used to protect us from the power of the sun…

Among modern native Israelis, there is the opposite tendency that is contrary to healthy logic, namely, the desire to open up maximally to illumination in planning and afterward, there is a surprising discovery that there is a need to create internal shading, to illuminate during the day with a balance of artificial lighting and … to run air-conditioners in order to function in the heat during a large portion of the year.

At night there is a greater demand for artificial lighting, much more than is necessary… in order to compare what is programmed during the day.



  1. The zero intensity is determined by each person according to his geographic position on the globe, relative to the angle of the sun and the position of the planet.  This is a type of biological, cultural involuntary ‘imprinting’.
  1. There is a need to set standards and building solutions that suit this – in the relative context to the position on the globe, understanding of the illumination angle, the climate, the advantages and disadvantages of this relative position.
  1. Cut and paste activities in planning are insufficient when reading and understanding the surroundings and needs…

Ask and learn, from observation and in-depth analysis of the study of spaces situated at the same latitude, and then one must intelligently observe the human culture that resulted in those locations.